The judge was replaced and the case tried under a judge who ruled frequently against the defense.For the third time a jury—now with one African-American member—returned a guilty verdict.The Heritage Center, opened in 1985, is both a historical and a cultural museum dedicated to representing the rich history, customs, traditions and art of Jackson County.The museum is composed of three separate exhibit areas: The ante-bellum "Brown-Proctor House," the pioneer village named "Sagetown," and the "Little Courthouse." A complete tour begins by taking visitors back in time over 12,000 years to the period when Native Americans first entered Jackson County.The cases included a lynch mob before the suspects had been indicted, all-white juries, rushed trials, and disruptive mobs.It is commonly cited as an example of a miscarriage of justice in the United States legal system.Two young white women also got off the train and accused the black teenagers of rape.The case was first heard in Scottsboro, Alabama, in three rushed trials, in which the defendants received poor legal representation.
The Heritage Center is available to rent for meetings, weddings, receptions, teas and other activities.
The humiliated white teenagers jumped or were forced off the train and reported to the city's sheriff that they had been attacked by a group of black teenagers.
The sheriff deputized a posse comitatus, stopped and searched the train at Paint Rock, Alabama and arrested the black Americans.
A group of whites gathered rocks and attempted to force all of the black men from the train.
Patterson and the other black passengers were able to ward off the group.